Bibme free bibliography & citation maker mla, apa, chicago, harvardAdam smith frsa ( june ns (june os) july ) was scottish economist, philosopher, and author. he was moral philosopher, pioneer of . Introduction. please note that most of these brand names are registered trade marks, company names or otherwise controlled and their inclusion in this index is . Hedge is an investment position intended to offset potential losses or gains that may be incurred by companion investment. in simple language, hedge is used to .